An Introduction to Jewish-Christian Relations by Edward Kessler

By Edward Kessler

Relatives among Christians and Jews during the last thousand years were characterized to an exceptional volume by means of mutual mistrust and by way of Christian discrimination and violence opposed to Jews. In contemporary many years, although, a brand new spirit of debate has been rising, starting with an awakening between Christians of the Jewish origins of Christianity, and inspiring students of either traditions to interact. An creation to Jewish-Christian relatives sheds clean mild in this ongoing interfaith come across, exploring key writings and issues in Jewish-Christian heritage, from the Jewish context of the recent testomony to significant occasions of recent instances, together with the increase of ecumenism, the horrors of the Holocaust, and the construction of the kingdom of Israel. This obtainable theological and ancient examine additionally touches on various similar parts corresponding to Jewish and interfaith stories, philosophy, sociology, cultural experiences, diplomacy and the political sciences

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John M. Oesterreicher (–) founded the first such centre in  at Seton Hall University in New Jersey. His Institute of Judaeo–Christian Studies published an influential series of yearbooks entitled The Bridge which explored theological concepts that would inform Vatican II’s  declaration Nostra Aetate. Starting in , Christian and Jewish leaders in the United States jointly sponsored periodic National Workshops in Jewish–Christian Relations. To date, sixteen have been held in various cities.

Parallel teachings include the proximity of the Final Judgement and the symbolic use of ablutions to depict (re)turning from sin. Like the Essenes, John was also an ascetic. Jews referred to as Zealots were active from the time of the Maccabees until the last Jewish revolt against Rome in  ce. Josephus accuses them of destroying the Temple in the war against Rome, kidnapping Jews as hostages and killing their own people whom they regarded as traitors. The Zealots are hardly mentioned in the New Testament although Luke includes Simon the Zealot among the twelve disciples (but most scholars are sceptical about whether Simon was actually a member of the Zealot political movement).

A notable feature of modern scholarly writings is the increasing number of studies either co-edited by Jewish and Christian scholars or consisting of conversations between Jews and Christians. Among the more significant publications are the dialogue between Karl Rahner (–) and Pinchas Lapide (–), Encountering Jesus – Encountering Judaism: A Dialogue (), and the study guide of the New Testament and rabbinic texts by Introduction  Michael Hilton (b. ) and Gordian Marshall (–) entitled The Gospels and Rabbinic Judaism ().

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