Access to Geography. Development by Garrett Nagle

By Garrett Nagle

Improvement offers an in-depth overview of the place the area is this present day by means of contemplating a variety of elements which give a contribution to the final improvement of a rustic, after which appears ahead to the long run and what that holds. The publication comprises sections on: improvement and underdevelopment previous and current thoughts for improvement the have an effect on of improvement on inhabitants, nutrients provide, urbanisation, industrialisation and the surroundings, and sustainable improvement.

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The persistence of malnutrition has profound and frightening implications for children, society and the future of humankind. Half of the under-5s in south Asia and a third of those in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. So too are millions of children, mostly from poor families, in the industrialised world (see Figure 32). 54 Population and Food Supply Life years lost (%) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Underweight infants and mothers Unsafe sex Hypertension Smoking Alcohol Developed countries Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene Developing countries High cholesterol Indoor smoke from solid fuels Iron deficiency Figure 32 Disease risk factors and contribution to disease.

Without help from the wealthier nations. India and China have both shaken off the socialist ideals that held them back and embraced capitalist ideology (although China remains politically communist) and experienced economic growth over the last decades both with regard to their domestic economy and international trade. As the case study below shows, the causes of underdevelopment in any one area are unique and varied. CASE STUDY: SUDAN AND BANGLADESH Sudan and Bangladesh are both countries suffering from underdevelopment, but it is for very different reasons.

The dependency theory is a very different approach to most models of development: • it incorporates politics and economics in its explanation • it takes into account the historical processes of how underdevelopment came about, that is how capitalist development began in one part of the world and then expanded into other areas (imperialistic expansion) Alternative Models of Development 31 • it sees development as a revolutionary break, a clash of interests between ruling classes (bourgeoisie) and the working classes (proletariat) • it stresses that to be developed is to be self-reliant and to control national resources • it believes that modernisation does not necessarily mean Westernisation, and that underdeveloped countries must set goals of their own, appropriate to their own resources, needs and values.

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