By John Robertson
This quantity of scholarly essays explores the guidelines of union and empire present on the time of the Union among Scotland and England in 1707. It demonstrates for the 1st time the broader importance of the Union in Europe and through the English-speaking global. it's a significant contribution to the starting to be curiosity in "British" background, yet must also be of substantial curiosity to all scholars of political and financial unions, a subject matter of accelerating value and noticeable relevance in modern Britain, Europe and North the USA.
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Additional info for A Union for Empire: Political Thought and the British Union of 1707
Most EU policies, with the major exceptions of monetary policy and border controls, have a single uniﬁed jurisdiction. However, some salient features of EU architecture are consistent with Type II multi-level governance: variable territorial jurisdictions as a result of treaty derogations; distinct governance systems or ‘pillars’ for different policies; the multiplication of independent European agencies; and the ﬂexibility clause of the Amsterdam and Nice Treaties specifying the conditions under which a subset of member states can engage in greater integration.
This is the case for jurisdictions at any one level, and it is the case for jurisdictions across levels. In this form of governance, every citizen is located in a Russian Doll set of nested jurisdictions, where there is one and only one relevant jurisdiction at any particular territorial scale. Territorial jurisdictions are intended to be, and usually are, stable for several decades or more, though the allocation of policy competencies across levels is ﬂexible. A second vision of governance is distinctly different.
Type II multi-level governance may also appear where local communities are faced with local common pool resource problems, that is, where scarce, renewable resources—for example, a water basin, a lake, an irrigation system, ﬁshing grounds, forests, hunting grounds, or common meadows—are subject to depletion because it is difﬁcult to restrict access. As Elinor Ostrom has argued, diversity of ecological systems is an important source of multi-level governance (Ostrom and Janssen 2002). Around the world, communities have developed task-speciﬁc governance structures, often self-generated, to cope with locally specific common pool resource problems (Ostrom 1990; also Keohane and Ostrom 1995).