By Pauline Couper
This ism-busting textual content is an drastically available account of the major philosophical and theoretical rules that experience proficient geographical study. It makes summary principles specific and obviously connects it with genuine practices of geographical study and data.
Written with aptitude and fervour, A Student's creation to Geographical Thought:
- Explains the main principles: medical realism, anti-realism and idealism / positivism / severe rationalism / Marxism and demanding realism/ social constructionism and feminism / phenomenology and post-phenomenology / postmodernism and post-structuralism / complexity / ethical philosophy.
- Uses examples that tackle both physical geography and human geography.
- Use a well-recognized and real-world instance - ‘the seashore’ - as an access element to uncomplicated questions of philosophy, returning to this to demonstrate and to give an explanation for the hyperlinks among philosophy, thought, and method.
All chapters finish with summaries and resources of additional interpreting, a thesaurus explaining keywords, workouts with commentaries, and net assets of key articles from the journals Progress in Human Geography and Progress in actual Geography. A Student's creation to Geographical Thought is a very available pupil A-Z of concept and perform for either human and actual geography.
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Extra resources for A Student’s Introduction to Geographical Thought
In other words, the 'natural laws' of physics may offer generalisable explanations, but limit our capacity to acknowledge and explain geographical differences. Since the late 1990s, though, there appears to have been growing appreciation, in geography and elsewhere, that a blanket notion of positivism as inherently bad is misguided. As Okruhlik (a philosopher of science) puts it, 'logical empiricists have functioned chiefly as foils and bogeymen' (2004, p. 48) in discussions of epistemol ogy, providing convenient 'demons' that serve to underline the virtues of alternative positions.
In effect, space is a 'blank canvas' on which characteristics such as land cover, elevation and population density are painted, and in which violent events occur. Finally, O'Loughlin and Witmer have studied an area for which the reliability of data is problematic and they clearly acknowledge this, saying that 'the limitations of data access make the modelling of violence in the North Caucasus a challenging exercise' (p. This echoes Comte's emphasis that knowledge is relative, increasing in certainty as our observations improve.
It is the underlying principle that is important; we know what difference we would see in the world if the statement were true. There is another parallel with Comte here, because Schlick makes it clear that this principle is commonly used in science (and in everyday life, for that matter). In that sense the logical positivists began by describing how science works, rather than prescribing how it should work, just as Comte had done. 3 The verification principle of meaning in practice The verification principle of meaning asserts that a synthetic statement has meaning when we know what difference we would see in the world if it is true.