A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood by Nikolai Krementsov

By Nikolai Krementsov

Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik occasion in the course of its early life, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technology fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny during which the employees of the realm, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its contributors via standard blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov was once now not simply a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and observe his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st learn institute dedicated to the technology of blood transfusion.


In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based e-book on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as innovative, novelist, and scientist, providing his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in quite a lot of venues. during the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reviews on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov deals a nuanced research of the interactions among medical rules and societal values. 


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Additional info for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science

Sample text

He returned to Russia illegally, and while living (together with Lenin) in Finland, less than a hundred miles from St. Petersburg, he took an active part in the political struggles of the time, publishing on a variety of issues in the party’s periodicals. In late 1907, together with Lenin, Bogdanov again moved abroad to become a lead editor of the party’s main journal, The Proletarian. During these busy years, Bogdanov did not limit his work exclusively to the pressing issues of day-Â�to-Â�day practical politics and revolutionary propaganda.

Petersburg for one year. Shamov was able to resume his studies, and in November 1908, he graduated from the academy with first-Â�class honors. VMA professors marked Shamov as a gifted student, and, unlike his classmates who entered military service and were stationed in remote garrisons scattered throughout the empire, Shamov stayed in St. Petersburg, chosen “to prepare for the title of professor”—a Russian analogue of what we would today call graduate studies. 23 After the successful defense, on January 28, 1912, of Shamov’s doctoral dissertation “On the Significance of Physical Methods for the Surgery of Malignancies” (Shamov 1911), Fedorov appointed the newly minted “doctor of medicine” to his clinic as assistant surgeon.

Shamov decided that he would undertake the planned excision, but due to extensive loss of blood during the operation, the patient died, despite all Shamov’s efforts to revive him. Obviously, this case did not discourage Shamov from continuing his explorations with blood transfusions, and the second case, which he so fondly recounted in his recollections, strengthened his determination. His third case also involved a young woman operated on in his ward. Shamov had removed a large tumor from her pelvic bone, but the patient went into postoperative shock.

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